The Pyramid of Internet of Things (IoT)
The Pyramid of Internet of Things (IoT)
Alright, what is Internet of Things (IoT) ? How does it differ from Internet of Everything? What is M2M ?
All the above queries would be running in your mind if you’re a beginner/newbie to this child protocol. So, the simplest answer is “They all are the same”. I will give a precise story about the emergence of IoT and inter-relationship/dependency (however, you would like to relate them) between the above mentioned terminologies. Def By dataottam.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. Def By Wiki
The Internet of Things, also called machine-to-machine communications, envisions a world where both ordinary and exotic devices are connected wirelessly to the Internet and to each other. This means devices that do not already have a network connection may have one added in the future, when it is logical to do so. One of the most basic uses of the IoT is to connect devices to the Internet so they can report their own status or their local environment. For example, an IoT/M2M device could be a temperature gauge, a location sensor, a device measuring humidity, or an integrated circuit that checks vibration.
One or all of these sensors could then be attached to manufacturing machinery, and the data transmitted would help a business track the machine’s operations. This data could track required maintenance, improve production efficiencies, reduce downtime, increase safety, and more. Plus, IoT/M2M devices may provide information on the ambient environment of the manufacturing space, such as the temperature, pollution, and other conditions near the machinery, which may be particularly relevant for remote installations. Def By Aeris.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is often described as a collection of connected sensors, but it is actually a much more complex concept. It involves not only the connection and integration of devices that monitor the physical, but also the aggregation, relationship, and analysis of the information those devices create.
In order to be successful with the IoT, firms need to focus not only within their own products and services, but outward to a complex ecosystem of partnerships and collaborations.
Below is the pyramid of IoT which things happen,
Local Sensing: Local sensing measures and collects data on a state of the world at the site of the sensor – temperature, speed, pressure, presence of chemicals, etc. And we need to make sure the state is measured accurately and that it’s a measure our ecosystem will agree upon. Basically it’s the job of semiconductor manufactures.
Data Integration: Data Integration is required to combine different sensor data types, which can come in many different formats within complex settings like cars or homes. Where and with whom do we want to do the integrating makes the real impact in data integration which is vital part of Internet of Things.
The Analytics of Things: It turns raw data into insights for decision making and action. IoT generates data continuously, so we need continuous analytics and automated decision making. And it could be descriptive analytics but which is not sufficient – hence we need predictive, prescriptive, and automated way to do our analytics.
Cognitive Action: It is nothing but when machines or humans change their behavior in response to IoT data and analytics. It’s the most difficult and time consuming step for most organizations. It will help us to answer, how do we take informed actions.
Reference – HBR Talk by Thomas Davenport, IoT & Big Data Community.
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